Estrogen effects on the vaginal pH, flora and cytology in late postmenopause after a long period without hormone therapy. Galhardo CL(1), Soares JM Jr.
If the menopausal hallmark is considered to be vaginal pH > and serum FSH . With hormone replacement therapy in them, a vaginal pH of > and low.
These changes were paralleled by a significant four-fold increase in serum estradiol levels and decreased vaginal pH, as well as nearly a.